Sdg là gì

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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, are universal targets designed to over poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace và prosperity in each UN member state by 2030. They are intended khổng lồ continue the progress made by the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs).1

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The SDGs are based on six themes including: human dignity, people, planet, partnership, justice and prosperity. The final two are new themes.2 The Sustainable Development Agendomain authority is more comprehensive sầu than for the MDGs và includes 17 goals, defined by 169 specific targets và 232 indicators.These targets move sầu beyond social development and involve sầu new targets for climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace và justice & more. Each goal is interconnected & success in one will often address issues associated with another.3

Transition from the MDGs lớn SDGs

opdaichien.com giới localised the MDGs through the implementation of aComprehensive sầu Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS) (2003).It aligned the MDGs with the country context khổng lồ size the Vietphái nam Development Goals (VDGs). The VDGs were the basis for the development of two five-year Socio Economic Development Plans (SEDPs) from 2006 khổng lồ 2010 & 2011 khổng lồ năm ngoái.4


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A newly developed area in Southwest of Hanoi where National Convention Center & Hanoi Museumlocated;Photo lớn taken June 2018 by Lan Nguyen via Flickr. Licensed under CC-BY-SA 2.0


While these plans contributed to lớn impressive progress in reducing poverty,5there were challenges with ensuring all citizens benefited from economic growth, particularly for women, ethnic minorities, migrants khổng lồ urban areas, & informal workers who continued to laông chồng social protection. During the Millennium Agendomain authority, climate change also became an increasing threat khổng lồ opdaichien.com’s socioeconomic development.6

By September năm ngoái, opdaichien.com giới had only met three of the eight MDGs in full (poverty reduction, education & gender equality), along with some other targets related to lớn infant và maternal mortality, & controlling the spread of infectious diseases.7 Much of the work required to meet the MDGs remained unfinished at this time.8

In 2017 the Government of Viet Nam & the United Nations responded khổng lồ this through developing a joint ‘One Strategic Plan’ (OSP) aimed at integrating the SDGs with opdaichien.com’s Socio-Economic Development Strategy (2011-2020) & Socio-Economic Development Plan (2016-2020).9 This plan was focused on four key areas, which will be used to lớn inform the way the SDGs are implemented,10 (see inforgraphic below).

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Localization of SDGs in opdaichien.com

With support from UNDP, opdaichien.com developed a National Action Plan (NAP) toward SDGskhổng lồ Đánh Giá its existing development strategies, policies, programs with respect khổng lồ how well that align with the SDGs. This was used lớn develop Vietphái mạnh SDG targets (VSDGs) in consultation with national ministries, provincial agencies, civil society & development partners.11

The VSDGs were approved by the Prime Minister in năm nhâm thìn & also have 17 goals but only 115 targets. There are both similarities and differences with the Global Goals.12

Global GoalsVSDGsSimilaritiesDifferences
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End all forms of poverty everywhereopdaichien.com giới is likely to meet SDG 1 on time, with some specific targets met ahead of schedule.Viet Nam only targets poverty reduction for poor households while the UN aims lớn reduce poverty in all households.opdaichien.com has not integrated specific poverty reduction objectives for gender, vulnerable groups, children và geographical location.
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Eliminate hunger, ensure food security, improve sầu nutrition & promote sustainable agricultural developmentNational objectives that have sầu been reflected in national policies are quite similar to lớn the SDG 2 targets.The Global Goals integrate gender, vulnerable groups, & children into lớn this goal but the VSDG targets are more general.
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Ensure a healthy life and enhance welfare for all citizens in all age groupsNational and international targets are quite similar. Since 2015, Vietphái mạnh has achieved some specific objectives of SDG 3 phối by the UN, ex: goals 3.1 & 3.2.Vietphái nam has targets for all SDGs but lacks specific indicators for some of these Some od these such as SDG target 3.5, 3.9
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Ensure a chất lượng, equitable, and inclusive sầu education và promote life-long learning opportunities for allNational & international targets are quite similarMost of VSDGs are currently planned up to lớn 20trăng tròn. opdaichien.com’s plans for education do not yet have a clear focus on inclusive access for all.
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Achieve gender equality; empower và create enabling opportunities for women and girlsNational và international targets are quite similar.Most of the new targets of opdaichien.com giới are up to 2020.Some indicators have not yet been adapted for the local context. Localised indicators should be considered for SDG targets 5.1, 5.2, 5.4, 5.a, 5.b, và 5. c.
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Ensure availability & sustainable management of water and sanitation for allNational và international targets are quite similar.The National plan does not integrate inclusive development elements inlớn water related targets.
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Ensure access to sustainable, reliable & affordable energy sources for all citizens.National & international targets are quite similar and capable of achieving the goalVSDG 7 does not yet collect data on the energy intensity of economic development (VSDG target 7.3) Currently data is not available for monitoring targets 7.a và 7.b
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Ensure sustainable, comprehensive & continuous economic growth; và generate full, productive & decent employment for all citizens.SDG 8 is expressed in government plans at many levels. However, implementation is generally weak at the moment và greater effort will be required lớn match expected outcomes.VSDG 8 currently is only sets targets up to lớn 20trăng tròn & lacks specific indicators for measuring inclusive sầu development.
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Develop a highly resilient infrastructure; promote inclusive sầu and sustainable industrialization; & promote renovation.National & international targets are compatible, but will require change locally lớn be achieved.Most targets are currently only planned lớn 2020, with no specific targets for inclusive sầu development.opdaichien.comese policies bởi vì not yet address the sustainability of existing infrastructure.
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Reduce social inequalitiesNational & international targets are compatible & achievable.

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Vietphái nam has not yet provided data khổng lồ evaluate this goal.Data on financial inclusion as well as the proportion of the population who have experienced discrimination are not yet systematically collected.
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Promote sustainable, resilient urban và rural development; ensure safe living và working environments; ensure a reasonable distribution of population và work in each region.National and international targets are compatible but will require svào efforts lớn achieve them.Data on some aspects of these goals are not yet collected such as the kích cỡ of informal settlements in urban areas of the chất lượng of housing. This is also true for indicators related to lớn inclusive sầu public transport & participation in decision making about urban planning.
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Ensure sustainable production & consumption.opdaichien.com has promulgated the National Action Plan for Sustainable Production and Consumption until 20đôi mươi with a vision to 2030 (2016)Sustainable production is more of a focus in Vietphái nam compared lớn sustainable consumption..There is low social awareness & a laông xã of technical & financial support for these issues.
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Respond in a timely and effective manner to lớn climate change and natural disastersopdaichien.com is country that is significantly affected by climate change and natural disasters. There are many national policies and strategies in place to lớn respond to lớn these challenges. “Tolerance” to lớn climate change is understood at a basic level in opdaichien.com but is not measured in a sophisticated way for monitoring VSDG indicators.A unified process for disaster risk response is still lacking và institutional capacity for this is currently weak.
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Sustainably conserve và utilize the ocean, the sea và marine resources for sustainable developmentMost of the specific objectives of Goal 14 (14.1, 14.2, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 12a, 14b) are included in the national policies of opdaichien.com.SDG target 14.3 on ocean acidification is new focus for Vietphái nam that needs attention. Currently there are few Marine Protected Areas in the country (0.26% of total natural area) and few planned to lớn 20đôi mươi. This also required attention.
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Sustainably protect và develop forests; conserve sầu biodiversity; develop eco-system services; combat desertification; prevent the degradation of và rehabilitate soil resources.Vietphái mạnh has paid attention khổng lồ biodiversity conservation , especially for forest ecosystems.SDG targets 15.1 - 15.9 and 15a - 15c are generally in line with current opdaichien.comese policies.opdaichien.com giới focus on forest ecosystems is not consistent with efforts for aquatic, marine, coastal or desert environments.opdaichien.com does not yet have a strategy for this goal after 2020 and lacks some of the data required for effective sầu monitoring.
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Promote a peaceful, democratic, just, equitable and civilized society for sustainable development; ensure access khổng lồ justice for all citizens; develop effective sầu, accountable & participatory institutions at all levels.The targets for SDG 16 have been well reflected in opdaichien.comese policies, especially the constitution.Some indiators proposed by the UN are not easy khổng lồ collect in Viet Nam such as the proportion victims of violence, crime reporting rates, illicit financial flows and corruption, & the distribition of small arms.
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Strengthen & promote global partnerships for sustainable developmentopdaichien.com giới has promoted multilateral trading systems; và strengthened global partnerships with the country relatively well. Areas of focus include improved North-South, and South-South cooperation; greater cooperation on international cooperation on science và innovation; increase export market share và the promotion of public-private partnerships for national infrastructure. opdaichien.com giới has not mix a target for increasing exports from opdaichien.com giới globally.
Source: Office of Sustainable Development, Ministry of Planning và Investment. Information in the table above is extracted from the Synthesis Report: Reviewing 17 comtháng goals and 169 specific objectives of the United Nations Sustainable Development Agendomain authority 2030 khổng lồ assess the situation và identify appropriate, feasible targets on the condition of opdaichien.com giới, as the basis for the nationalization of the global sustainable development goals. (2016),Access June 2018.

Means of Implementation

To enable the achievement of the VSDGs several legal & policy frameworks have been established in opdaichien.com giới. These include:

The NAP defines specific goals for a period between 2017 khổng lồ 2020, as well as 20trăng tròn khổng lồ 2030. Financing for the implementation of the NAPhường. will be accessed through state budget, private sector, as well as foreign sources, including both official development assistance (ODA) and foreign direct investment (FDI). A Fund for Sustainable Development has been mix up to mobilize domestic và foreign resources to achieve sầu of SDGs.18

While billions of dollars were required lớn implement the MDGs, trillions of dollars will be required for the SDGs.19However, a gradual decline in attracting FDI inflows into key sectors và opdaichien.com’s increasing public debt are major challenges.2021

The focus of ODA is defined by the Joint Strategic Plan (2017-2021), based on consensus between the the Government of Vietphái nam and the United Nations about national development priorities.22

opdaichien.com’s population of 93 million people is expected lớn peak between 20trăng tròn & 203023 As such, young people have sầu been recognized as particularly important for national efforts khổng lồ achieve sầu the SDGs.24

Monitoring và Evaluation

The United Nations Statistics Committee has developed a Code of Statistical Indicators for monitoring và evaluating the implementation of SDGs and their 230 indicators. opdaichien.com has developed comprehensive sầu legal frameworks for producing these statistics, including: the Vietphái nam Statistical Law 2015; the opdaichien.com Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020; & the Vision to lớn 2030, a National Statistical Indicator System that currently covers 39 SDGs indicators.25

opdaichien.com’s progress with respect to lớn this goal is outlined below:

The feasibility of 230 indicators

129/230 indicators are feasible;

101/230 indicators are infeasible (There is no methodology, methodology available but not clear, indicators with new concepts, indicators request a new disaggregated and need a lot of time to lớn collect retìm kiếm solutions, alternatives).

Baseline/database

89/230 indicators have available data

141/230 indicators have sầu no available data.

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Indicator integration inlớn national statistical system

30 indicators have sầu been integrated inlớn the 2015 Statistics Law

(Source: MPI’s report on “Enhancing implementation of the 2030 agenda in opdaichien.com)

Reporting requirements on the progress of implementing the SDGs are clearly outlined in the National kích hoạt Plan to lớn implement the 2030 Agendomain authority for Sustainable Development. The Ministry of Planning và Investment assumes primary responsibility và coordinates the activities of each sector và cấp độ of government down to lớn commune levels development plans.


Chuyên mục: Kiến Thức